The objective of the project is to find out farmers' practices on the use of agricultural inputs in temporary crops. Finding out of a relationship between the inputs used and the resultant outputs, that is, impact of inputs (individually and collectively) on outputs is aimed at. This will help determine an objective basis for planning of crop production, inputs supply and use and pricing.
This is the first survey of this kind. The size of the sample survey has been very large. About 2 lac plots involving interview of about 1.5 lac farmer4 every month were taken for the survey. The size of the questionnaire (with 59 questions) was also very large. On the other hand there was no provision of man-power except 6 officers and 8 staff for handling this survey. Initially the project suffered organisational difficulties due to man-power shortage. The project proforma was then revised and some staffmembers were added.
Since this is the first survey of its kind some conceptual mistakes, omissions and operational lapses were observed during processing the survey data. We hope that these lapses and omissions will not be repeated in future surveys.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
The unit of enumeration in the agricultural census is the agricultural holdings. The identity of the household must be established before any data is collected, from the householder. The identification must be linked with some unambiguously defined, and specified area unit, as the coverage of the agricultural census is usually determined with the help of geographical area covered. Whether the. census is based on complete count or on a sample basis, the first pre-requisite is that the entire area of the country to be covered in the census should be unambigüous.Lydivided into identifiable tarts, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics de.signates this part as enumeration area(E.A) for the purpose of all censuses and surveys.
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
BANGLDESH BUREAU OF STATISTICS
Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning
During the agricultural census of 1983 and 1984, sample farms numbering approx mately 1 lakh in each year was enumerated on a detailed census schedule. This schedule comprising 11 sections was lengthy. one. Besides, some new approaches on land tenure, application of irrigation and fertilizer and subsidiary economic activities were introduced. Obviously, it was expected that a good number of inconsistencies, incompleteness and anomalies, would crept into the filled in schedules. A decision was, therefore, taken to get all the schedules checked and edited. The work was entrusted to one Deputy Director who was assisted by one Statistical Officer and two Assistant Statistical Officers. It was organized and carried out in Agricultural Census Office premises. Initially, ten employees who were S.I. and S.A were trained thoroughly to take up the editing work in the month..of September 1983. The persons concerned were given a set of manuals, of instructions to follow carefully. The filled-in sample census schedules received earlier from the Zonal Officers were stored in an organized method. Editing was taken up district wise. Everyone entrusted with this job was supposed to edit 50 schedules daily. The edited schedules were completely checked by a second man. Both of them had to put their signatures with dates on the body of the schedule to fix the responsibility of the work. The Statistical Officers and the Assistant Statistical Officers used to make a percentage check of the edited schedule. A limited number of schedules was verified by the Deputy Director on sample basis to ensure that no sort of inaccuracy crept into the schedule. On completion of work relating to the schedule of any district, the whole lot was sent to the computer center for necessary action at their end.
Weight factors were calculated individually for 1983 and 1984 for the same district. This weight was then inserted in the edited tape through a program 'AGSM0128'.
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
The whole scheme was an ambitious one and through the untiring 3abour of the officers and the staff entrusted with this assignment, it ended in success. Being the first project of covering cen percent agricultural'holdings, introducing new ideas in several directions, it was essential that full details of the experience gained in the methodology, techniques and plans followed during the census be recorded to serve as guidelines for the operators of the future census so that they might be able to avoid the compliacies which we had to face as the pioneer. Procedure adopted in the delineation of enumeration area, to ascertain the mauza-wise number of enumerators and supervisors required, to select suitable persons as enumerators and supervisors, to arrange their training simultaneously all Over the country and to exercise strict supervision and control on the field enumeration deserved to be mentioned.
Type of Research Instrument
This idea of carrying out census on full count basis for structural information followed by a sample census to collect detailed information in two years was placed before the committee members to give their comments and views. The committee held detailed discussions on draft questionnaire, scope of the census, methoddlogy adopted and all other related matters0 On the basis of its valuable advice two rounds of pretests were conducted to determine the suitability of the census questionnaires and the manual of instructions.
Ministry of Planning
A careful planning. was undertaken for conducting. a full count Agricultural Census in Bangladesh having more than 15 million households.However, the processing experiences as gathered from. Banqladesh census, of population 1981 were of much help in this respect. As the data entry is the. principle factor causing dely in data processing in our environment, a very eatitious measure was adopted in framing the census methodology and in designing the census, questionnaire as well.