The first agricultural census in this country was conducted in i960hen .it LCA was a part of Pakistan. That census was carried out on sample basis taking 10% of the rural mauzas. All the farms within the selected mauzas were interviewed in the census. After the emergence of Bangladesh, agricultural census was first taken in 1977 on sample basis within 14% of the rural mauzas. All the agricultural holdings within the selected mauzas were' listed at the .first stage and then a specified percentage of them were canvassed depending upon the total number of such holdings. Last agricultural census of Bangladesh was carried .out in all rural mauzas including other urban areas such as hats and bazars with electricity, upazila headquarters etc. during April-May, 1983 and 1984. All the mauzas of one-half of the total, unions in the country were covered during April-May, 1983 and enumeration in the mauzas of the remaining unions was carried out during April-May, 1984. The census was carried out on the basis of full count of all households. As part of the nation-wide Agricultural Census Programme, agricultural census was also conducted in all the municipal areas of the country from 21st to 31st Decber, 1984. All 77 municipal areas were covered. Thus 1983-84 Agricultural Census for the first time covered the entire country.
Agricultural Census in Pourashavas(Municipalities) was carried out under the Agricultural Census Act No. XLI of 1958. The act authorised the lDirector-General.ofBangladesh Bureau of Statistics to make plan and to supervise the taking of census throughout Bangladesh and appoint census officers to act, aid in or supervise the taking of census within any specified area of the country, including municipal areas.
About 8% dwelling households of the country are located in the municipal areas. Substantial number of these households own agricultural land both within and outside the municipal boundaries. Some of the households own and operate their agricultural land themselves either through self-management or through hired manager, while other do notcultivate the land themselves and lease out their land partly or wholly on share-cropping or other basis on different terms and arrangements. Information regarding absentee land owners residing in municipal areas and distribution of operatthnal holdings within the municipal areag can be assessed only if agricultural census is conducted in municipal areas. Recognising the fact that information on land tenure and ownership of land will be incomplete unless households within municipalities are also covered, it was considered necessary to complete the coverage of agricultural census by collecting information about households residing in the municipal areas. In addition many households of the municipal areas keep livestock and poultry birds. Some households carry on cottage industry activities. The total picture of the structure of agriculture could thus be completed only after the enumeration of the municipal areas as part of the nationwide agricultural census operation.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
In all seventy seven municipal areas including Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna and Rajshahi metropolitan areas were covered in the census. Out of 77 municipalities, more than sixty municipalities constitute the headquarters of the newly formed zilas while the remaining ones consist of certain upazila headquarters.
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
BANGLADESH BUREAU OF STATISTICS
Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning
In order to collect detailed information about the farm holdings, a programme was chalked out to select a sample of 1,0 agricultural holdings with at least 0.05 acre of cultivated land from some E.As of every alternate mauza. For this purpose census schedules relating to full count enumeration were used as the sampling frame. A long census schedule comprising 11 chapters almost in the light of 1977 Agricultural Census was prepared and utilized for sample enumeration. Both in 1983 and 1984 sample enumeration was taken up immediately after the full count. The long census schedule was a complicated one and as such it was considered necessary to employ the regular field staff of the Bureau only as the enumerators. Upazila Statistical Off:Lcers and Junior Statistical Officers' who acted as the Zonal Officers had to come to Dhaka for submission ôf documents relating to full count census. Then they were made to select samples for the sample enumeration. They were given intensive training both in the class room and in the field by the senior officers of BBS.
Immediately after training they were required to go to their respective areas and start actual enumeration. The work was to be completed iii a period of three weeks. District Census Co-'ordinator and Regional Census co-ordinator acted as the supervisors On completion of enumeration work, the filled in census schedules were deposited with the Regional Statistical Officer who in turn submitted the same at Dhaka Census headquarters.
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
Ministry of Planning
Editing was done on one hundred percent basis by a specially trained group of persons selected from amongest the technical staff of the BBS. Manual editing is the initial and very important step before machine processing. As soon as the field operation of the census was over, manual editing was undertaken. An appropriate editing instruction was formulated for the purpose. Editors were asked to ensure that
- All questionnaires were there in good physical condition
- Every book carried the correct Geo-code and was consistent with the computer printed lebel of the envelope to which it belonged.
- Marking system and the intensity of, marking was in confOrmity, with the machine requirements.
- All the questions. had been answered and properly marked in the questionnaire.
- There was consistency among the answers within each part of the questionnaire.