There are two definitions of economically active population as followed in BBS Labour Force Surveys (LFS) namely the conventional or 'usual definition' and extended activities definition, simply 'extended definition'. According to the 'usual definition' economically activa ppulation refers to persons of age 10 years and above who are either employed or unemployed during the reference period and persons working less than 1 5 hours a week without pay or profit during the reference period in the family farm/enterprise in activities like care of poultry and livestock, processing, husking, preservation of food, etc. are not considered[ as economically active population. Under, the 'extended definition' on the other hand, persons of age 10 years and above who are either employed or unemployed during the reference period and also persons who engage themselves in such household activities as thresh.ing, cleaning, care of livestock and poultry, food processing, boiling, drying, etc. are considered as economically active population. The above definitions show that to be qualified as economically active under the usual definition one has to put in a certain minimum period of work (15 hours or more) during the reference period. But under the extended definition this condition of minimum period of work has been waived and instead only engagement or participation in a number of household activities as mentioned above has been made a criterion for inclusion in economically active population. In view of the position stated above a large number of persons particularly females in agro-based rural households who were not considered as economically active by the usual 'definition in 1 98 5-86 LFS were considered as such under the extended definition in 1989 and 1990-91 LFS. As a result, in 1989 and 1990-91 LFS the civilian labour forde increased to 50.1 and 51 .2rnillion respectively from 30.9 million in 1985-86 LFS. To facilitate comparison of data over a longer period estimates of civilian labour force and labour force participation rates for 1992-93 LFS have been computed on the basis of the usual definition and placed in this Report. It will be seen from that the total economically active population under the usual definition stands at 35.9 million in 1990-91 as against 30.9 million in 1985-86.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
The entire geographic area of Bangladesh excludingRangamati, Khagrachari and Bandarban Zilas constituted theuniverse. The universe was divided into 4 strata as follows:
Stratum 1:SMA (the four Statistical Metropolitan areas of Chittagong,Dhaka, Khulna and Rajshahi)
Stratum 2:All Pourashavas (Municipality), existing in 1981 and not included in SMA.
Stratum 3:Pourashavas created after 1981 and reported in the 1986 Census of Non-farm Economic Activities (Economic census) and Disabled persons.
Stratum 4:All other areas.
Stratum. 1, 2, 3, were considered as urban areas and stratain 4 was considered as rural for the purpose of, the survey.
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
BANGLADESH BUREAU OF STATISTICS
Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning
The Labour Force Survey, 1992-93 similiar to that of 1989 ha adopted a two-stage stratified random sampling method and has aied at providing estimates at urban, rural and national levels.Th PSUs are mauzas/mahallas, while the secondary sampling unitsbeng the housing units. Mauzas are the smallest units in rural an1 mahallas in urban areas for adininistrativ%purposes. PSUs are ba/sed on mauzas/rnahallas because they generally have defined bcundaries and have census/survey maps. The selected 360 PSUs of 190-91 LFS are those of 1989 LFS; but the selection of ultimate smp1ing units (USU's) was independent of 1989 sample households.
The sampling frame was developed -from the list of dministrative units (Wards and Unions) and the corresponding households and population counts obtained for these tt1nits from~he 1986 Census of Non-Farm Economic Activities and, Disabled ersons of Bangladesh (Economic Census, 1986.) A randomroportion of large Mauza/Mahalla with maximum size of 300 ouseholds (counts based on Census of Non-Farm Economic Activities and I)isabled Persons, 1986) constituted the PSU. The minimum size of the PSU was 200 households. Any Mauza/Mahalla with less than 200 households was combined with the adjacent Mauza/Mahalla prior to selection.
Two-stage stratified random sampling technique was used. At the first stage, sampling with probability proportional to size (PPS) with rep'lacement and at the second stage, circular systematic random sampling technique was followed. The first stage selection of PSUS was done on the computer and the secon stage (households were selected from the listed households of each PSU) at the head office using random number tables.
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
Ministry of Planning
Editing and coding:
Filled-in schedules were processed on a flow basis. Schecu1es were edited for internal consistency and obvious
omissions and errors and coded using the Bangladesh Standard Occuational Classifications (BSOC) and the Bangladesh Standard Indutrial Classifications. Data were then entered, edited and corrcted in the computers.
Data compilation :
The final tables were produced by the mainframe computer. The sample results were blown up by computer using sample weichts. The sample weights are based on the estimate of the to non-institutional, non-floating population on 1st January for LFS 1992-93.