To meet the demand of diverse users of Foreign Trade Statistics, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics published a fuifledged volume in August, 1982 entitled "Foreign Trade Statistics of Bangladesh" containing detailed information from 1976-77 through 1978-79. The present publication is brought out as a continuation of Foreign Trade Statistics publications programme and contains information from 1979-80 through 1982-83. The improvement made in the present publication over the first one is that it contains a brief analytical report on the data.
I thank all the Officers and Staff of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics who were associated with the works of Foreign Trade Statistics and rendered'valuable service to bring out this publication.
I believe this publication will be very much useful to all users in general and research workers, planners and business community in particular. Suggestions for its improvement will be thankfully received.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
1976-77 fiscal year has been chosen as the base year. The reason which dominated in choosing so, are as follows.
a) This was a normal year for -Bangladesh in the field of foreign trade since liberation.
b) Necessary details of foreign trade data for computation of the UPI' were not available for earlier periods. Because, foreign trade data were not computed in the erstwhile East Pakistan. Computation of foreign trade data had to be organised afresh by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
BANGLADESH BUREAU OF STATISTICS
Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
Ministry of Planning
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics has its own collection units in Chittagong and Chalna customs houses. The staff posted to these units collect the documents and carry them to Dhaka two to three times every months after getting them matched with iUig daily list and customs entry register. Land borne trade returns are directly received from the concerned land customs stations and air borne trade returns are collected from the air freight unit Of land customs stations at Dhaka. Foreign post offices directly forward their returns to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
Classification of commodity & country
The foreign trade statistics of Brngladesh are compiled and classified on the basis of the commodity trade classification of Bangladesh named as Bangladesh Standard Trade Classification-Revised (BS'IC-R) which is based on the SITC-R2. Both of these classifications are arranged into 10 sections, 63 divisions and 233 groups, There are 784 subgroups of the BSTC which include all commodities of international trade. Of these, 435 are further divided into 1573 subsidiary headings to provide additional detail. There are 1924 basic items in the BSTC, and any of these may be further sub divided if desired for national use. Some of the 1924 basic items are further subdivided in the BSTC at the 7 digit level. Recording of imports are made by country of consignment and exports by country of last known destination.
Recording of quantity, value and duty
The quantity, value and duty are recorded as they are shown on the trade bills and checked by the customs officials. The weight recorded is the net weight exclusive of the weight of pêking or container, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics follows Metric System for compiling and publishing of quantity of export and import. The missing quantity data are estimated,herever possible, on the basis of unit value alcu1ated from the reported part of the quantity and value of the same article.
Brussel!s definition of value (BDV) is usually followed in Bangladesh for the purpose of valuation of exported or imported goods. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics record the value of import on CIF (Cost, Insurance and freight) basis and that of export on FOB (Free on Board) basis.