The Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) has been publishing Foreign Trade Statistics (FTS) since 1976-77. In the previous reports. Foreign Trade Statistics of Bangladesh were compiled and classified on the basis of BSTC-R which is based on the SITC-R2. But the presert report is prepared on the basis.of Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding system (HS). The Customs Co-operation Council (CCC) introduced the "Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System" . Bangladesh is a member of Customs Co-operation Council and is a signatory to this convention. It has thus become obligatory for Bangladesh to collect and publish Foreign Trade Statistics on the basis of harmonized commodity description and coding system.
I hope this publication will be found useful by the users in general, research workers planners policy makers and business community in particular. The Officers and staff of the FFS section of the Industry, Trade, Labour statistics and National Income Wing of BBS, responsible for collection and compilation of the data deserve our thanks.
Comments and suggestions on this report are welcome and will help us to improve subsequent reports of the Foreign Trade Statistics.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
1976-77 fiscal year has been chosen as the base year. The reason which dominated in choosing so, are as follows.
a) This was a normal year for -Bangladesh in the field of foreign trade since liberation.
b) Necessary details of foreign trade data for computation of the UPI' were not available for earlier periods. Because, foreign trade data were not computed in the erstwhile East Pakistan. Computation of foreign trade data had to be organised afresh by the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
Producers and sponsors
Authoring entity/Primary investigators
BANGLADESH BUREAU OF STATISTICS
Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning
Dates of Data Collection (YYYY/MM/DD)
Mode of data collection
Ministry of Planning
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics has its own collection units in Chittagong and Chalna customs houses. The staff posted to these units collect the documents and carry them to Dhaka two to three times every months after getting them matched with iUig daily list and customs entry register. Land borne trade returns are directly received from the concerned land customs stations and air borne trade returns are collected from the air freight unit Of land customs stations at Dhaka. Foreign post offices directly forward their returns to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
Classification of commodity & country
The foreign trade statistics of Brngladesh are compiled and classified on the basis of the commodity trade classification of Bangladesh named as Bangladesh Standard Trade Classification-Revised (BS'IC-R) which is based on the SITC-R2. Both of these classifications are arranged into 10 sections, 63 divisions and 233 groups, There are 784 subgroups of the BSTC which include all commodities of international trade. Of these, 435 are further divided into 1573 subsidiary headings to provide additional detail. There are 1924 basic items in the BSTC, and any of these may be further sub divided if desired for national use. Some of the 1924 basic items are further subdivided in the BSTC at the 7 digit level. Recording of imports are made by country of consignment and exports by country of last known destination.
Recording of quantity, value and duty
The quantity, value and duty are recorded as they are shown on the trade bills and checked by the customs officials. The weight recorded is the net weight exclusive of the weight of pêking or container, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics follows Metric System for compiling and publishing of quantity of export and import. The missing quantity data are estimated,herever possible, on the basis of unit value alcu1ated from the reporte.d part of the quantity and value of the same article.
Brussel!s definition of value (BDV) is usually followed in Bangladesh for the purpose of valuation of exported or imported goods. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics record the value of import on CIF (Cost, Insurance and freight) basis and that of export on FOB (Free on Board) basis.